Oberon is located in the east and at the very top of the Central Tablelands region of New South Wales with the Oberon township at 1113 metres above sea level. Elevation of the region is generally above 1,000 metres with a maximum height of 1395 metres near Edith. The area is a (relatively) flat plateau with rolling hills and grazing land and vast areas of a renewable resource, radiate pine plantations.
Oberon has four distinct seasons. Frosts occur regularly during autumn, winter and spring. Several snowfalls can be expected each year. Visitors should always be prepared for a sudden cool change at high altitudes.
The average rainfall of 841 mm is spread fairly evenly throughout the year providing excellent grazing conditions for beef and lamb production. Weather averages are as follows:
|Wettest months||January, June and October|
|Driest months||April, February and May|
|Summer maximum temperature||23.9 degrees Celsius|
|Summer minimum temperature||10.2 degrees Celsius|
|Hottest month||January at 24.8 degrees Celsius|
|Winter maximum temperature||9.4 degrees Celsius|
|Winter minimum temperature||-0.4 degrees Celsius|
|2016 Census||5,301 residents|
|Oberon town estimates||2,459 residents|